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Discovery & Exploration
Beyond the Hundredth Meridian : John Wesley Powell and the second opening of the West by From the "dean of Western writers" (The New York Times) and the Pulitzer Prize winning-author of Angle of Repose and Crossing to Safety, a fascinating look at the old American West and the man who prophetically warned against the dangers of settling it In Beyond the Hundredth Meridian, Wallace Stegner recounts the sucesses and frustrations of John Wesley Powell, the distinguished ethnologist and geologist who explored the Colorado River, the Grand Canyon, and the homeland of Indian tribes of the American Southwest. A prophet without honor who had a profound understanding of the American West, Powell warned long ago of the dangers economic exploitation would pose to the West and spent a good deal of his life overcoming Washington politics in getting his message across. Only now, we may recognize just how accurate a prophet he was.
Call Number: Available for request via PALShare or ILL
Publication Date: 1992-03-01
Exploration and Empire: the explorer and the scientist in the winning of the American West by In this classic work, Goetzmann argues that the exploration of the American West was not a series of haphazard adventures motivated by personal gain, but rather a series of carefully planned missions to promote the national good. He draws on the diaries and letters of explorers to contrast the early American expeditions, sponsored by the federal government to promote national development, with private British ventures, such as the Hudson's Bay Company, which sought commercial gain. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were the first explorers with a broad and explicit sense of national purpose, setting out in 1804 with instructions from President Thomas Jefferson to collect information "covering the whole range of natural history from geology to Indian vocabularies." And as Lewis and Clark traveled toward the American Northwest, William Dunbar and Dr. George Hunter journeyed south to collect information on the newly acquired Louisiana Territory. Two major eras of Western exploration followed the one launched by Lewis and Clark: the period of settlement and investment (1845-1860) and the era of the great surveys (1860-1900). During the first of these, explorers such as John B. Weller and John Russell Bartlett became political diplomats as well as discoverers as they surveyed the boundary between the U.S. and Mexico. During the second period, explorers were no longer discoverers or diplomats, but academic scientists, such as Josiah Dwight Whitney, whose philosophy influenced twentieth-century attitudes toward conservation and the environment.
Call Number: F591 .G63
Publication Date: 1993-09-01
Explorers of the American West: the story of the men who explored and surveyed the west, from John C. Freḿont to John Wesley Powell, Clarence King, George Wheeler, and F.V. Hayden by During the 1840s, John C Fremont led several expeditions through the west. His adventures, and his accurate maps of the Oregon Trail, led to Fremont's nickname, the Pathfinder. This title presents the story of the men who explored the west, from John Fremont to John Wesley Powell, Clarence King, George M Wheeler, and Ferdinand V Hayden.
Publication Date: 2004-09-01
Sight Unseen: how Frémont's first expedition changed the American landscape by John C. Fr#65533;mont was the most celebrated explorer of his era. In 1842, on the first of five expeditions he would lead to the Far West, Fr#65533;mont and a small party of men journeyed up the Kansas and Platte Rivers to the Wind River Range in Wyoming. At the time, virtually this entire region was known as the Great Desert, and many Americans viewed it and the Rocky Mountains beyond as natural barriers to the United States. After Congress published Fr#65533;mont's official report of the expedition, however, few doubted the nation should expand to the Pacific. The first in-depth study of this remarkable report, Sight Unseen argues that Fr#65533;mont used both a radical form of the picturesque and an imaginary map to create an aesthetic craving for expansion. Not only did he redefine the Great Desert as a novel and complex environment, but on a summit of the Wind River Range he envisioned the Continental Divide as a feature that would unify rather than obstruct a larger nation. In addition to provoking the great migration to Oregon and providing an aesthetic justification for the national park system, Fr#65533;mont's report profoundly altered American views of geography, progress, and the need for a transcontinental railroad. By helping to shape the very notion of Manifest Destiny, the report became one of the most important documents in the history of American landscape.
Publication Date: 2012-10-01
American Indians and Indian Policy
American Indian Policy in the Twentieth Century by Until now, books about American Indian Policy have dealt with laws and acts long since adopted and in effect. In "American""Indian Policy ""in ""the Twentieth Century, " edited by Vine Deloria, Jr., a group of writers deals with present realities and future possibilities, taking the lead in encouraging discussion and further research into areas of concern to American Indians. Against the background of the larger field of Indian affairs, these authors suggest new ways of thinking about specific problems: Joyotpaul Chaudhuri -- "American Indian Policy: An Overview" Sharon O'Brien -- "Federal Indian Policies and the International Protection of Human Rights" Fred L. Ragsdale, Jr. -- "The Deception of Geography" Michael Lacy -- "The United States and American Indians: Political Relations" Daniel McCool -- "Indian Voting" Tom Holm -- "The Crisis in Tribal Government" David L. Vinje -- "Cultural Values and Economic Development on Reservations" Robert A. Nelson and Joseph F. Sheley-- "BIA Influence on Indian Self-Determination" Mary Wallace -- "The Supreme Court and Indian Water Rights" John Petoskey -- "Indians and the First Amendment" Vine Deloria, Jr. -- "The Evolution of Federal Indian Policy Making" The articles treat both historical problems and current issues that must be confronted if Indians are to move forward to stabilize their communities and protect their rights and resources. In part speculative, the book defines many of the factors that bear on the formation of policies at the federal level, and it discusses new institutions and legislation that can assist American Indians, enabling tribal members and other individuals to better understand their present status and draw reasonable conclusions about their future. This book will be of interest in several fields of study. History and law classes, short courses on Indian affairs, tribal governments and training programs, and state agencies that deal with Indians will find it of benefit, as well as the general reader interested in the welfare and future of American Indians.
Publication Date: 1985-01-01
American Indian Politics and the American Political System by Now in its third edition, American Indian Politics is the most comprehensive study written from a political science perspective that analyzes the structures and functions of indigenous governments (including Alaskan Native communities and Hawaiian Natives) and the distinctive legal and political rights these nations exercise internally, while also examining the fascinating intergovernmental relationship that exists between native nations, the states, and the federal government. The third edition contains a number of important modifications. First, it is now co-authored by Heidi Kiiwetinepinesiik Stark, who brings a spirited new voice to the study. Second, it contains ample discussion of how President ObamaOs election has altered the dynamics of Indian Country politics and law. Third, it contains more discussion of women's issues, several new vignettes, an updated timeline, new photographs, and updated charts, tables, and figures.
Publication Date: 2010-10-01
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West by Immediately recognized as a revelatory and enormously controversial book since its first publication in 1971, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee is universally recognized as one of those rare books that forever changes the way its subject is perceived. Now repackaged with a new introduction from bestselling author Hampton Sides to coincide with a major HBO dramatic film of the book, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee is Dee Brown's classic, eloquent, meticulously documented account of the systematic destruction of the American Indian during the second half of the nineteenth century. A national bestseller in hardcover for more than a year after its initial publication, it has sold over four million copies in multiple editions and has been translated into seventeen languages. Using council records, autobiographies, and firsthand descriptions, Brown allows great chiefs and warriors of the Dakota, Ute, Sioux, Cheyenne, and other tribes to tell us in their own words of the series of battles, massacres, and broken treaties that finally left them and their people demoralized and decimated. A unique and disturbing narrative told with force and clarity, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee changed forever our vision of how the West was won, and lost. It tells a story that should not be forgotten, and so must be retold from time to time.
Call Number: E81 .B7
Publication Date: 2007-05-15
Documents of United States Indian Policy by The third edition of this landmark work adds forty new documents, which cover the significant developments in American Indian affairs since 1988. Among the topics dealt with are tribal self-governance, government-to-government relations, religious rights, repatriation of human remains, trust management, health and education, federal recognition of tribes, presidential policies, and Alaska Natives.
Call Number: Available as an ebook
Publication Date: 2000-10-01
The First Americans by Who were the first Americans? What is their relationship to living native peoples in the Americas? What do their remains tell us of the current concepts of racial variation, and short-term evolutionary change and adaptation. The recent discoveries in the Americas of the 9000-12000 year old skeletons such as 'Kennewick Man' in Washington State, 'Luzia' in Brazil and 'Prince of Wales Island Man' in Alaska have begun to challenge our understanding of who first entered the Americas at the end of the last Ice Age. New archaeological and geological research is beginning to change the hypothesis of land bridge crossings and the extinction of ancient animals. The First Americans explores these questions by using racial classifications and microevolutionary techniques to better understand who colonized the Americas and how. It will be required reading for all those interested in anthropology, and the history and archaeology of the earliest Americans.
Call Number: E61 .P693 2005
Publication Date: 2005-10-06
The Indian frontier, 1846-1890 by First published in 1984, Robert Utley's The Indian Frontier of the American West 1846-1890 is considered a classic for both students and scholars. For this revision, Utley includes scholarship and research that has become available in recent years.
Call Number: Available as an e-book
Publication Date: 2003-01-01
Lewis and Clark Through Indian Eyes by For the first time in the two hundred years since Lewis and Clark led their expedition from St. Louis to the Pacific, we hear the other side of the story—as we listen to nine descendants of the Indians whose homelands were traversed. Among those who speak: Newspaper editor Mark Trahant writes of his childhood belief that he was descended from Clark and what his own research uncovers. Award-winning essayist and fiction writer Debra Magpie Earling describes the tribal ways that helped her nineteenth-century Salish ancestors survive, and that still work their magic today. Montana political figure Bill Yellowtail tells of the efficiency of Indian trade networks, explaining how axes that the expedition traded for food in the Mandan and Hidatsa villages of Kansas had already arrived in Nez Perce country by the time Lewis and Clark got there a few months and 1,000 miles later. Umatilla tribal leader Roberta Conner compares Lewis and Clark’s journal entries about her people with what was actually going on, wittily questioning Clark’s notion that the natives believed the white men “came from the clouds”—in other words, they were gods. Writer and artist N. Scott Momaday ends the book with a moving tribute to the “most difficult of journeys,” calling it, in the truest sense, for both the men who entered the unknown and those who watched, “a vision quest,” with the “visions gained being of profound consequence.” Some of the essays are based on family stories, some on tribal or American history, still others on the particular circumstances of a tribe today—but each reflects the expedition’s impact through the prism of the author’s own, or the tribe’s, point of view. Thoughtful, moving, provocative, Lewis and Clark Through Indian Eyes is an exploration of history—and a study of survival—that expands our knowledge of our country’s first inhabitants. It also provides a fascinating and invaluable new perspective on the Lewis and Clark expedition itself and its place in the long history of our continent.
Call Number: F592.4 .J67
Publication Date: 2006-04-11
Cultural Construction of Empire: the U.S. Army in Arizona and New Mexico. by From 1866 through 1886, the U.S. Army occupied southern Arizona and New Mexico in an attempt to claim it for settlement by Americans. Through a postcolonial lens, Janne Lahti examines the army, its officers, their wives, and the enlisted men as agents of an American empire whose mission was to serve as a group of colonizers engaged in ideological as well as military, conquest. "" "Cultural Construction of Empire" explores the cultural and social representations of Native Americans, Hispanics, and frontiersmen constructed by the officers, enlisted men, and their dependents. By differentiating themselves from these OC less civilizedOCO groups, white military settlers engaged various cultural processes and practices to accrue and exercise power over colonized peoples and places for the sake of creating a more OC civilizedOCO environment for other settlers. Considering issues of class, place, and white ethnicity, Lahti shows that the armyOCOs construction of empire took place not on the battlefield alone but also in representations of and social interactions in and among colonial places, peoples, settlements, and events, and in the domestic realm and daily life inside the army villages.
Publication Date: 2012-12-01
Lincoln Looks West: from the Mississippi to the Pacific by This first-ever volume to comprehensively explore President Abraham Lincoln's ties to the American West brings together a variety of scholars and experts who offer a fascinating look at the sixteenth president's lasting legacy in the territory beyond the Mississippi River. Editor Richard W. Etulain's extensive introductory essay treats these western connections from Lincoln's early reactions to Texas, Oregon, and the Mexican War in the 1840s, through the 1850s, and during his presidency, providing a framework for the nine essays that follow. Each of these essays offers compelling insight into the many facets of Lincoln's often complex interactions with the American West. Included in this collection are a provocative examination of Lincoln's opposition to the Mexican War; a discussion of the president's antislavery politics as applied to the new arena of the West; new perspectives on Lincoln's views regarding the Thirteenth Amendment and his reluctance regarding the admission of Nevada to the Union; a fresh look at the impact of the Radical Republicans on Lincoln's patronage and appointments in the West; and discussion of Lincoln's favorable treatment of New Mexico and Arizona, primarily Southern and Democratic areas, in an effort to garner their loyalty to the Union. Also analyzed is "The Tribe of Abraham"--Lincoln's less-than-competent appointments in Washington Territory made on the basis of political friendship--and the ways in which Lincoln's political friends in the Western Territories influenced his western policies. Other essays look at Lincoln's dealings with the Mormons of Utah, who supported the president in exchange for his tolerance, and American Indians, whose relations with the government suffered as the president's attention was consumed by the crisis of the Civil War. In addition to these illuminating discussions, Etulain includes a detailed bibliographical essay, complete with examinations of previous interpretations and topics needing further research, as well as an extensive list of resources for more information on Lincoln's ties west of the Mississippi. Loaded with a wealth of information and fresh historical perspectives, Lincoln Looks West explores yet another intriguing dimension to this dynamic leader and to the history of the American West. Contributors: Richard W. Etulain Michael S. Green Robert W. Johannsen Deren Earl Kellogg Mark E. Neely Jr. David A. Nichols Earl S. Pomeroy Larry Schweikart Vincent G. Tegeder Paul M. Zall
Publication Date: 2010-03-01
The Making of the Great West 1512-1883 by Originally published over 100 years ago, The Making of the Great West is Samuel Adams Drake's description of the history of settling the land west of the Mississippi. Although designed for young people, Drake also makes this story attractive to adults who are looking for a compact, intelligent view of the history of the making of the great west.
Publication Date: 2001-01-01
Westward Expansion by Primary documents can provide fascinating and engaging windows on history. Each volume in Greenhaven Press's Interpreting Primary Documents series is an anthology of primary sources on major events and developments in history. An in-depth introduction sets the stage by providing essential context. Each document is then preceded by an introduction that places it in its historical context. Guided reading questions assist the reader to interpret the document and to think critically about the topic at hand. Each anthology also includes an annotated table of contents, a thorough index, and a bibliography for further research. With its many valuable features, Greenhaven Press's Interpreting Primary Documents series assists students in exploring history while developing critical thinking and reading skills. Book jacket.
Call Number: F591 .W37
Publication Date: 2003-01-01