Chicago Style of Citation is the standard method of citation for historical research and is often used in academic professional publishing. Thee main ways to cite in Chicago:
The footnotes tell readers where in the paper exactly you are using sources and who you are citing. Unlike MLA and APA that use “in-text citations,” Chicago removes citations from the body of your writing and places the citation in a footnote.
First Name Last Name of Author, Title of Book (City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication).
First Name Last Name, Title of Book (City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication), Page Number.
Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.
First Name Last Name of Author, “Journal Article’s Title,” Title of Journal Volume and Issue Number (Date of Publication): Page number range of entire article
Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 170-180.
First Name Last Name of Author, “Journal Article’s Title,” Title of Journal Volume and Issue Number (Date of Publication): Page number where quoted text appears.
Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 175.
**If the website does not list an author go straight to the title.
First Name and Last Name of Author, “Title of Online Story,” Date you accessed article, full URL of website page.
“About Yale: Yale Facts,” Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017, https://www.yale.edu/about-yale/yale-facts.
First name and Last Name of Author, “Title of Talk,” Place given, Date given.
Wesley Bishop, “What is History,” Marian University, Indianapolis, Indiana, June 25, 2020.
Title of Work, directed/performed by First name Last name (Original release year; City: Studio/Distributor, video release year), medium you watched it in (ex. DVD, full URL of streaming site, Netflix, etc.).
Joe Versus the Volcano, directed by John Patrick Shanley (1990; Burbank CA: Warner Home Video, 2002), DVD.
Online tools that will help you generate citations and entries for your bibliography in the appropriate style.
Please note: often there are subtle differences in standard bibliographical entries - always refer to the published style manual if you are uncertain or don't find the appropriate entry online.