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Education Studies: Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago Manual Style

Chicago Style of Citation is the standard method of citation for historical research and is often used in academic professional publishing. Thee main ways to cite in Chicago:

  • footnotes

  • bibliography

The footnotes tell readers where in the paper exactly you are using sources and who you are citing. Unlike MLA and APA that use “in-text citations,” Chicago removes citations from the body of your writing and places the citation in a footnote. 

Chicago Manual of Style

Sample Citation - Books

Book
 

If summarizing a book:  

First Name Last Name of Author, Title of Book (City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication).
 

If directly quoting from the book include page numbers:

First Name Last Name, Title of Book (City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication), Page Number.
 

Example

Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.

Sample Citation - Articles

Journal Article
 

If summarizing a journal article:

First Name Last Name of Author, “Journal Article’s Title,” Title of Journal Volume and Issue Number (Date of Publication): Page number range of entire article
 

Example: 

Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 170-180.

 


 

If directly quoting from the article include page numbers:

First Name Last Name of Author, “Journal Article’s Title,” Title of Journal Volume and Issue Number (Date of Publication): Page number where quoted text appears. 

 

Example: 

Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 175.

Sample Citation - Website

Website


If citing a website article that has an author credited for the piece: 

**If the website does not list an author go straight to the title. 

First Name and Last Name of Author, “Title of Online Story,” Date you accessed article, full URL of website page.

 

Example

“About Yale: Yale Facts,” Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017, https://www.yale.edu/about-yale/yale-facts.

Sample Citation - Lecture

Lecture

 

If citing a lecture, or spoken text:

First name and Last Name of Author, “Title of Talk,” Place given, Date given.

 

Example:

Wesley Bishop, “What is History,” Marian University, Indianapolis, Indiana, June 25, 2020.

Sample Citation - Film

Films

 

If citing a film:

Title of Work, directed/performed by First name Last name (Original release year; City: Studio/Distributor, video release year), medium you watched it in (ex. DVD, full URL of streaming site, Netflix, etc.).

 

Example

Joe Versus the Volcano, directed by John Patrick Shanley (1990; Burbank CA: Warner Home Video, 2002), DVD.

Online Chicago Manual of Style Resource Guides 

Online Citation Tools

Online tools that will help you generate citations and entries for your bibliography in the appropriate style. 

Please note: often there are subtle differences in standard bibliographical entries - always refer to the published style manual if you are uncertain or don't find the appropriate entry online.